Scripture is clear in identifying three wars that have yet to take place. Here we will examine the participants of these wars and how they relate to the nation of Israel as well as the rest of the world.
"Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah" ~ Psalm 83:1-8 KJV
Now, let's identify these groups of people. (Klein & Spears, 2012, pg. 30)
Edom ~ Arabs (descended from Esau). These people make up most of the populations of the nations that constitute the Middle East, except for Turkey, Iran, and Egypt. Thus, most of those who currently surround Israel are Edomites/Arabs.
The Ishmaelites ~ Bedouin and Kurds. These people do not constitute any nation today but have genetically mixed with those living in the nations that surround Israel. The Kurds are concentrated in northern Iraq, eastern Turkey, and western Iran.
Moab ~ The ancient Moabites lived in what is now southern Jordan. Today they've been inbred into most of the surrounding people groups. Their bloodline comes from the incestuous union between Lot and his daughters.
The Hagarites ~ The ancient Hagarites lived in the western parts of what is now Saudi Arabia and still live there today.
Gebal ~ Modern-day Gebal includes the mountainous regions of the southern Dead Sea region. These people have inbred with other Arab groups living in the region today.
Ammon ~ The Ammonites are another group of people who came from the union of Lot and his daughters, living today in Jordan. Their capital, Amman, is named after this ancient ancestor.
Amalek ~ Amalek himself was one of Esau's progeny. Collectively, Amalek's descendants became known as the Amalekites. They were the ones who attacked the Israelites just after the Red Sea crossing. These people have inbred with other Arab groups living in the region today. Originally, the Amalekites lived in the Sinai Peninsula, immediately to the south of Israel. Tyre/Philistia ~ The inhabitants of Tyre, including its sister city Sidon, were known by the Greeks as Phoenicians but known by the ancient Hebrews as the descendents of Canaan. Recall that Canaan was the cursed son of Ham, who was the son of Noah. These people lived to the immediate north of Israel, known today as Lebanon. They have also inbred into the local Arab tribes living today around Israel.
Assyria (Assur) ~ This nation, 2,700 years ago, was centered in the land we know today as Iran. Certainly Psalm 83:8 foretells that Assyria will play a supporting role in the second seal war, for just as the text predicts, Iran is already joining with other enemies of Israel by supplying them with military materials and advisors.
The Bible contains multiple prophecies about the Edomites who will attack Israel. Ezekiel 38 outlines the countries that will take part in this second war.
Now, let's identify these groups of people. (Klein & Spears, 2012, pg. 26)
Persia ~ The Persians are believed to be descendants of Japheth (one of the three sons of Noah) through his son Madai (Genesis 10:2). The center of the Persian Empire today is Iran. In ancient times the Persian Empire included western Asia between the Black Sea, the Caucus Mountains, the Caspian Sea, and the Jaxartes River on the north; the Arabian Desert, the Persian Gulf, and the Indian Ocean on the south.
Cush/Ethiopia ~ Cush, a grandson of Ham (one of Noah's three sons), migrated south from Mount Ararat into Africa, specifically into Ethiopia, Sudan, and southern Egypt.
Phut ~ Commonly known as Put today, Phut represents the people who live in and around the nation of Libya in northern Africa. They are also the descendents of Noah through his son Ham. Gomer ~ Listed in Genesis 10:2, Gomer is onje of the sons of Japheth. many scholars believe that Gomer's descendents became known as Cimmerians. During the 8th and 7th centuries BC they inhabited the region north of the Caucus Mountians and Black Sea. Today this area would be in the Ukraine and part of Russia.
Togarmah ~ Togarmah was the third son of Gomer and the grandson of Japheth, according to the Tables of Nations in Genesis 10. Some scholars suggest that Togarmah today represents the peoples known as the Armenians, Georgians, and Turks. Generally, these peoples migrated to the land areas between the Caspian and Black Seas.
Magog/Gog ~ The Hebrew construction of the word Magog would suggest that the Ma- combined with gog means "from the land of Gog." Magog is the second son of Japheth (Genesis 10:2). Many scholars indentify Magog's descendents as living in the land that lies to the north and east of the Black Sea, including also the lands north and northeast of the Caspian Sea. Today this would be Russia.
Meshech ~ Genesis 10:2 lists Meshech as one of the sons of Japheth. Josephus provides evidence that equates the descendents of Tubal with the capitol city of Georgia, T'bilisi, which means "land of Tubal".
Tubal ~ This name also occurs in the Table of Nations as another of the sons of Japheth. The Tubalite people lived in the area of the Black Sea. many scholars believe that they gave rise to the Caucasian Iberians, the ancestors of modern Georgians. The word Tubal itself is also considered to be an ancient Georgian tribal designation.
Fortunately for Israel, in both of these two wars God steps forward to defend thier foes, just as He has done in miraculous ways since thier founding in 1948.
The Final War ~ The Battle of Armageddon
The final war that is foretold in scripture is probably the most famous and commonly spoken of. This war will take place in the valley of Megiddo, commonly known today as the Jezreel Valley.The word Armageddon, which means "mount of Megiddo," occurs only once in the Bible. Armageddon is frequently used as a term to label the entire time period starting from when the armies of the world begin to gather together (along with the beast and false prophet) to fight Jesus to His actual return and victorious war over the forces of evil. It is after this victory that Christ sets up His Millennial Kingdom on the earth.